By Ray Galvin
Germany is visible as a pace-setter in thermal retrofit coverage and perform, yet how powerful is its strategy? A serious Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy examines this coverage in context and assesses its effectiveness. It reveals that technical constraints and the prices of retrofitting decrease the speed of growth, whereas making plans underestimates the impact of consumer habit within the kind of rebound and prebound results. A key discovering is that discounts could be maximized inside of a coverage that is aware the particular habit and motivation of families, the realm the place such a lot power rate reductions are already taking place.
The booklet indicates a brand new coverage paradigm that might motivate a greater stability of partial and finished retrofits, using family habit alterations in line with a greater figuring out of gas saving motivation and gas cost elasticity. during this strategy, the thermal construction laws will be made extra versatile in order that policymakers would:
- advertise partial, transitional and cost-optimal retrofits, that are extra guaranteed to pay again via gas rate reductions in the event that they are acceptable to development typology and house owner budgets.
- advertise complete retrofits for purposes except financial achieve, focusing as an alternative at the convenience and environmental merits of energy-efficient homes.
- make investments extra seriously in instructing families to warmth economically, studying from the prebound impression with the intention to maximize the software of the houses they presently occupy, and base payback time calculations on real consumption.
The effects and findings of this ebook will be of curiosity to policymakers, researchers and graduate scholars alike.
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Additional info for A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy: Turning Down the Heat
However, for certain categories of buildings (see Chap. 5, Sect. 1, if a household has three continuous years of energy bills their dwelling’s EPC may instead display the actual, measured consumption (in German the Energieverbrauchskennwert). As noted above, the average gap between these two measures is 30%. The EPC is intended to motivate homeowners to renovate, as it is assumed that a low energy consumption figure increases the market value of a property. Its effectiveness in this regard has been investigated in recent studies in Germany (BMVBS 2011; Amecke 2011) and the UK (Adjei et al.
The average cost of the EPA program was 300 euros per tonne of CO2 reduction, over 20 times the commercial rate. The administrative costs were high, but applications led to relatively small energy savings, with almost three-quarters of customers indicating that the EPA advice had not changed their planned investments in the energy performance of their home (Harmelink et al. 2005). The question remains as to how taxation on energy can be increased without penalising low-income households, often in energy inefficient housing, with higher energy prices.
All European policies seem to lack tools to address the energy saving potential of behavioral change, although based on evidence to date occupant behavior can have important implications for the effectiveness of policy instruments. 1 Introduction Chapter 2 outlined the development of the key elements of Germany’s thermal retrofit policy. g. Sunikka 2006; Pasquier and Saussay 2012; IEA 2008). g. de T’Serclaes 2007). R. Galvin and M. 1007/978-1-4471-5367-2_3, Ó Springer-Verlag London 2013 29 30 3 German Retrofit Policy in Context In Sect.