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Abnormal Psychology: Objective Type by Prema Kumar, Geetika Tankha

By Prema Kumar, Geetika Tankha

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There are four major neurotransmitters related to abnormal behavior: (1) Norepinephrine, (2) Dopamine, (3) Serotonin, and (4) GABA. What is hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-cortical axis? This activation of this axis involves passing of messages from hypothalamus to pituitary, leading to activation of adrenal gland and relase of cortisol and epinephrine. Malfunction leads to forms of psychopathology. Name any three abnormalities occurring due to chromosomal abnormalities~ Ans. The three abnormalities due to chromosonal abnormalities are as follows: Down syndrome (Trisomy of 21 chromosome); Turner's syndrome (sex chromosome anomaly XO), Klinefelter's syndrome (sex chromosome anomaly XXY).

10. What is a structured diagnostic interview? Ans. This is a highly structured interview which aims at discovering if the person's symptoms and sign's fit the DSM diagnostic criteria. It can be employed by trained interviewers. 11. Give examples of any two structured diagnostic interviews? Ans. The structured clinical Interview for DSM diagnosis (SCID) is a popular example of clinical and research purposes. Another such example is Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC). 12. What are tlie major characteristics of a good classification?

It is based on interview method. 7. What does axis II of DSM-IV assess? Ans. Axis II provides for coding of long standing maladaptive personality traits that mayor may not be involved in development of axis I disorder. Personality disorders and mental retardation are also diagnosed on thi~ axis. 8. What is a diagnostic interview? Ans. These are of two types: Structured and unstructured involving questions, and probes to relating to particular DSM diagnosis. 9. What are the types of DSM diagnostic interviews?

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